See the full set of articles from the Midwest ISO Seminar, 16 Sep 2004, here.
Midwest ISO to address potential of new line technologies. Electric Transmission Week, 5 April 2004, p. 3
U.S. looks to Russian technology for reactive power control. Electric Transmission Week, 8 March 2004, p. 11.
Three-Phase Magnetically Controlled Reactors (MCRs): List of Available Reactors
Economics of the MCR: Why power companies and substation owners need MCRs.
Synopsis of MCR Theory: A brief paper presented at the Summer Meeting of the IEEE Power Engineering Society, Seattle, July 20, 2000
Magnetically Controlled Reactors Enhance Transmission Capability & Save Energy-Especially in Compact Increased Surge-Impedance Loading (ISIL) Power Lines: Our presentation at the NSF/EPRI Workshop on Urgent Opportunities for Transmission System Enhancement (Palo Alto, 10 Oct 01) on the benefits of controllable reactors, the advantages of magnetic control, field experience with MCRs and ISILs, and the bottom line. (Download .pdf)
Arc-quenching magnetically controlled reactors (AQMCRs) with automatic ground fault capacitive current compensation for 6 to 35 kV networks: A new generation of single-phase, magnetic-bias-controlled arc-quenching reactors with an automatic control system ensures continuous fine resonance tuning to network capacitance and permits almost non-inertial limitation of ground fault current with small values of residual current. In construction, mass, and dimension, they are like standard analogous electromechanical devices. Recommended for advanced use in electric networks of 6 to 35 kV of any type, but especially in branched municipal networks, new construction, and for replacement of obsolete equipment. (Download .pdf)
Read what the Russian utility Permenergo OJSC says about MCRs at their Kudymkar Substation.
Prof. Alexander M. Bryantsev, Moscow Power Institute, Smolensk; Mark D. Galperin, PhD, Expanding Edge LLC, San Francisco; Prof. George A. Evdokunin, St. Petersburg State Technical University, St. Petersburg
Luiz A.S. Pilotto, Director, Research & Development, CEPEL BRAZIL: NSF/EPRI Workshop on Opportunities for Transmission System Enhancement of Transmission Capability, Palo Alto, October 11, 2001
Professor G.A. Evdokunin, Chairman, Department of Electrical Networks & Systems, Saint Petersburg State Technical University, Russia